Specifically, the Russian orbital cluster comprises 25 navigational, 42 communications, broadcasting and retransmission, and two fundamental space research satellites. Also, the orbital constellation is made up of Earth’s remote sensing and manned space program satellites (as part of the International Space Station), according to the presentation.
As the materials suggest, the orbital constellation of socio-economic, research, and dual-purpose satellites comprised 102 space vehicles as of January 1, 2022. Three years ago, the orbital cluster embraced 88 such satellites, the presentation says.
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