In Pakistan, due to severe climate change, glaciers are melting, which increases the risk of natural disaster

In Pakistan, due to severe climate change, glaciers are melting, which increases the risk of natural disaster

Climate change has become a major problem in Pakistan, as seen by the outburst of the Shishper Glacier and the flood in Hunza, Gilgit-Baltistan. The impact of change in Pakistan is becoming perilous, and the country must make the required preparations and plans to deal with any natural calamity, including measures to ensure proper disaster control and decrease the severity of damage using new technologies. The country’s record-high April temperatures melted glaciers faster than usual, resulting in a flash flood in a village in the country’s northern area last Saturday that destroyed part of a crucial bridge and damaged homes and structures.

Regarding the collapse of a bridge on the Karakoram Highway, Pakistan Prime Minister asked the officials to prepare an alternative route, The glacier flood not only caused harm to the bridge but also submerged houses, hundreds of canals of agricultural land, trees, water supply channels, and two hydropower projects, Pakistan has been gripped by extreme heat episodes over the past two months.

According to reports, several weather stations set record highs for April. Jacobabad hit its warmest daytime temperature at 120 degrees Fahrenheit (49 Celsius) on April 30; the Karachi airport reached its warmest nighttime temperature at 84.9 degrees Fahrenheit (29.4 Celsius), also on April 30, The Washington Post reported. Footage making rounds on social media showed the large wave of water sweeping away a chunk of the bridge as onlookers ran for safety.

Dawn newspaper reported that, in the 2020 report of the Global Climate Risk Index, Pakistan is the fifth most highly vulnerable to global warming and climate change country. Many studies suggested that temperature increase would shift Pakistan’s cropping season and could “potentially permanently eliminate” the viability of growing some crops.

They also indicated that extreme weather events would have serious short and long term adverse effects as they contributed to poverty and malnutrition, food insecurity, stress on water resources, lower nutritional quality of major cereals and livestock productivity, forced migration and boost viral outbreaks in both human and animal population.

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