According to data given by the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy, 8.8 million people joined the workforce in April, one of the highest increases in the labour market since the outbreak began (CMIE). However, the available positions were insufficient in comparison to the demand, according to the report. According to CMIE Managing Director and CEO Mahesh Vyas, India’s labour force surged by 8.8 million to 437.2 million in April, one of the greatest monthly rises since the pandemic began.
This is because the working-age population cannot grow by more than two million per month and any rise beyond that implies that those who were out of jobs returned to the workforce, the report said. It may be useful to note that the 8.8 million increase in April comes after a 12 million fall during the preceding three months, it said. Vyas said the labour market is dynamic with the workforce moving in and out, presumably depending upon the demand at a given point of time.
The country’s labour market was at 428.4 million in March, he added. In 2021-22, the average monthly increase in the country’s labour force was 0.2 million, as per the data. The report said that an 8.8 million increase in labour force participation was only possible if some working-age people who were out of jobs joined the working population in April.
The increase in employment in April was in industry and in services. Industry added 5.5 million jobs and services added another 6.7 million jobs, as per the data. Within industry, 3 million jobs were generated in manufacturing, while construction added nearly 4 million opportunities. Employment in the agricultural sector fell by 5.2 million, CMIE data showed.
Part of the decline in farm sector opportunities could be a reflection of the winding down of the rabi harvesting season, the report said, adding that the decline in wheat production also acted as a contributory factor. The new industry jobs added are unlikely to be of better quality as the rise was largely among the daily wagers and small traders, the report said.
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