On Tuesday, the U.S. dollar maintained gains close to a 20-year top as its competitors, like the Australian dollar and the euro, suffered severe losses as market participants braced for the Federal Reserve’s aggressive interest rate hikes this week.
A 75 basis-point increase would be the biggest since 1994 and with world stock markets nursing deep losses, the dollar’s appeal as a safe-haven asset is also boosting its allure.
Expectations for a 75 basis-point increase at the conclusion of a two-day meeting on Wednesday are nearly baked into prices, according to CME’s Fedwatch Tool with investment banks like Goldman Sachs expecting a 75 basis-point rate hike in June and July, and a 50 basis-point rise in September.
“There is no compelling signs of bargain hunting in riskier currencies or profit-taking on long dollar positions after yesterday’s fireworks… You don’t want to be short the dollar in that scenario,” said Kenneth Broux, a strategist at Societe Generale in London.
Widening rate differentials in favor of the United States have boosted the greenback’s appeal while reduced long positions have also helped traders to pile on the long dollar trade.
Friday’s red-hot inflation reading fuelled the worst day on two-year U.S. Treasury bonds since 2009; taken together with Friday’s post-CPI jump, yields rose around 54 bps, the biggest two-day move since just after 2008 Lehman collapse, Deutsche Bank said.
Traders own just 12 billion dollars, which is roughly one-quarter of the record-long established at the start of the last U.S. tightening cycle in 2015.
It has hit one-month highs on the euro, Australian dollar, New Zealand dollar, Swiss franc, and Canadian dollar and it made a new one-month top of $1.0397 per euro on Tuesday, before retreating slightly to $1.0475.
Nerves about official intervention also gave brief respite to the yen, but it was soon on the back foot after the Bank of Japan expanded a round of bond purchases, knocking the 10-year government bond yield back to its 0.25% cap. It last traded at 134.18 per dollar after hitting a 24-year low of 135.22 on Monday.
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